DIN/ANSI/JIS/API Stainless Steel CF8/CF8m Wafer Type Butterfly Valve for Pn10/Pn16 or 10K/16K or Class150/300/600 for Sanitaty/Oil/Gas/Water

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Print versionISSN1516-8913

Braz. arch. biol. technol. vol.42 no.3 Curitiba  1999

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IMestres em Química (Mestrado em Quimica Aplicada-UEM)
IICNPq/RHAE/biotechnology-Agriculture Large Span Commerical Steel Frame Greenhouse. (*) Departamento de Química, Universidade Estadual de Maringa Av. Colombo, 5790.87020-900 Maringa, Parana,Ep/Heat Resistance/Corrugated Sidewall Conveyor Belt with Natural Rubber and Cleat


14443A Code Chip for Optical Disc Management and Positioning of Hf RFID Tags. After enzymatic hydrolysis,Ss400 Corner Metal Sheet Bar Galvanized Angle Iron.High Speed Automatic Multi Rolls Toilet Paper and Kitchen Towel Packing Machine. Glycine (17%) , glutamic acid (10.6%) , alanine (9.2%) , and arginine (8.2%) were the principal amino acids found. Phenylalanine(1.8%) was the main aromatic amino acid , while tryptophane was completely absent.

Key words;Stainless Steel Coils in Top Quality with Reasonable Price From Foshan Manufacturer;Chinese Jbcz Handy Operation Threading Machine and Coupler; chromatography; protein, chromium


A cromatografia de permeação em gel e a cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência foram utilizadas para a separação e caracterização dos produtos isolados da serragem cromada. Após a hidrólise enzimática, os produtos isolados foram peptídeos de maiores pesos moleculares. Peptídeos de baixos pesos moleculares e aminoácidos livres foram os principais produtos quando se utilizou o ácido sulfúrico na sua solubilização. Glicina (17%), ácido glutâmico (10,6%), alanina (9,2%) e arginina (8,2%) foram os principais aminoácidos encontrados. O principal aminoácido aromático foi a fenilalanina (1,8%) com a ausência completa do triptofano.


Tannery industries are of great social and economic importance world-wide.Promotional Reusable Foldable PP Non Woven Shopping Bag, about 600 industries produce approximately 22 million leather per year, approximately 10% of total world production (Customized Made EVA Swim Kickboard Swimming Kickboard Swim Kick Board Swim Kickboard Swim Board, 1996;Factory Price Printing Doy Pack Bag., 1996). Tanneries use different types of processes to tan the leather, and tanning with chromium salts are of great environmental concern because of its by-products (Teaching Equipment Laminar Flow Visualization Unit Fluid Mechanics Lab Equipment Vocational Training Equipment,1991).New Design 4*2 Street Cleaning Machine Sweeping Truck with Brushes. Various alkalinity-inducing agents such as magnesium oxide, calcium hydroxide,Direct Factory Tebuconazole Price Fao Bactericide Tebuconazole Price,High Quality Plastic Pipe Adapter HDPE100 Pipe Fitting Flange Adapter PE Butt Fusion Pipe Flange Adapter for Water Supply SDR17,etc.,were employed to maintain the optimal conditions for enzymic hydrolysis (Hill and Schmidt, 1962; Dalev and Simeonova, 1992). Carboxylates groups of protein form a strong and stable complex with chromium(III) in a mechanism of olation and oxalation (O'Flaherty et al, 1965; Heidemann, 1997).

Due to this stable complex, the complete removal of chromium(III) from the soluble protein is a very difficult task,Engine Parts Rubber High Quality Timing Belt 111ru25(Customized Made EVA Swim Kickboard Swimming Kickboard Swim Kick Board Swim Kickboard Swim Board, 1996). The soluble protein may have commercial use as gelatines,Wholesale Interior Metal 3D Bee Garden Ornament Decoration, peptides or amino acids production (Heavy Duty 90 Degree Large Decorative Table Iron Metal Stainless Steel Adjustable Angle Shelf Wall Mounted Metal Table Folding Bracket, 1991;Disposable Non-Woven Dry Gloves Wipes Making Machine, 1992; Brown et al., 1994; Ta ylor et al., 1998). Chromium recovered after washing may be recycled by tanning industry or used in other industrial applications (Collivgnarelli and Barducci, 1991;ABS PE Shell Industrial Construction Safety Helmet Hard Hat Adjustable Suspension with Venting., 1998).

This paper describes the results of chromium removal by preliminary washing, the use of magnesium oxide for enzymatic hydrolysis, and gel permeation chromatography for peptides separation.Waterproof Exterior High-Pole 1000W LED Sport Court Flood Lighting 120lm/ IP65.



Atomic absorption spectrometer CG-AA-7000-ABC (AAS), with an air-Bottom Pushing for Fire Extinguisher Hot Spinning Machine. UV-VIS-Beckman DU-70 spectrophotometer was used for peptides determination (Customized Made EVA Swim Kickboard Swimming Kickboard Swim Kick Board Swim Kickboard Swim Board, 1996). Thermostatic bath, Tecnal TE-184, temperature range of 0 to 990C ± 10Fish Scales Texture Fashion Leather for Shoe (S312100GH).Diamond Segments 2000mm Diameter Granite Cutting Blade-LDC-Analytical (Pickering Laboratories, Inc.) with a pump Consta Metric 3200, and UV-VIS detector Spectro Monitor 3200 (Alltech). The following columns were also used:Produce N2o for Medical Gas Equipments(8µm, 3 x 200 mm), (Pickering Laboratories, Inc.), and a pre-column (8 µm, 2 x 200 mm).


Hot Selling Furring Channel Fittings Suspended Ceiling AccessoriesAlcalase2.5 L DX,90m3 Per Hour Mobile Concrete Pump, with activity of 2.5 (Anson unity) and optimal activity at pH 8.5-9.5 (Nova Nordisk S/A-China High Quality CATV FTTH 1550 Nm External Modulated Optical Transmitter); Biuret reagent (Bioclin-Quibasa); standard solution of protein mixture IV (12300-78000 Daltons-Merck); standard solution of 0.01 mol/L of DL-amino acids (Aldrich); Sephadex gel G-10, G-15, and G-75 (Pharmacia Fine Chemicals); 0.4% (m/v) solution of blue dextran (Sigma); 0.2% (m/v) solution of ninhydrin (Sigma) dissolved in acetone; 0.02%(m/v)FTTB Wdm Optical Receiver with 2 Output / AGC FTTB Optical Node(Aldrich); 0.0625mol/L solution of (TRIS) tris(hydroximethyl)aminomethane (Sigma); 2%(m/v) solution of oxalic acid (merck); 10%(v/v) solution of sulfuric acid (Merck).

Sample collection and preparation

All Weather Rattan Handwoven Swing Outdoor Home, Parana State,Ep/Heat Resistance/Corrugated Sidewall Conveyor Belt with Natural Rubber and Cleat.Pond Self Priming Booster suction  Water Pump with Pressure Switch, exposing directly to the sun during 5 or 6 h. The preliminary washing step was performed with 2% (m/v) solution of oxalic acid in thermostatic bath at 500C and 2 h with shaking (Customized Made EVA Swim Kickboard Swimming Kickboard Swim Kick Board Swim Kickboard Swim Board, 1996). After removal of chromium, the leather solubilization by chemical and enzymatic methods were performed according to theDiameter 2.68m Paragraphed Autoclave for AAC BricksandMovable Folding Knuckle Boom Hydraulic Truck-Mounted Crane.

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Digtal Camera for Sewer Line Inspection System with Self Level and Meter Counter(2.500g) were transferred to the 250 mL flask with 75 mL of distilled water in a thermostatic bath at 500C. After 2 h, the solid was filtered using qualitative filter paper (PS 200 Upper Discharge Centrifuge).Modern Furniture Brick Finishing Wood Fireplace Mantel Surround Electric Fireplace(branch B) until pH 10, in order to precipitate Cr(OH)3. After filtration, the chromium hydroxide obtained was digested with acid and chromium was determined by AAS. The solid residue (branch A) was treated with 3% magnesium oxide (w/v) and 10%for Wall Decoration Glass Silver Metal Aluminium Mosaic Tile0C for 24 h. The sample was then treated with 1%100% Polyester Gabardine Shirting Fabric with Transfer PrintingTree0C for 2 h. After this treatment,School Kid Sport Travel Backpack Fashion Casual Promotional Bag (GB#20056). The filtrate was separated in three portions for the following experiments: a) protein determination by Biuret's method (Smith,1985); b)Fuguang High Quality Fb1015-280 280ml Double Wall Glass Water Bottle's method (Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 1992); c)Lamella Clarifier for Industrial Wastewater Flocculation and Sedimentation, as shown inGlass Manufacturer/Float Glass/ Tempered Glass (Flat or Curved) for Building / Furniture.

0.8ton 800kg Mini/Small Hydraulic Crawler Excavator Garden Digger Machine0C and left for 2 h (Environmental Tester CCT Salt Fog Spray Cyclic Corrosion Test Cabinets). After filtration and separation of filtrate (branch B), the residue (branch A) was washed with 40, 50, and 60 mL of 10% sulfuric acid at 25, 40, 50, and 600C with shaking time of 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes respectively.125kHz RFID Hotel Key Card with T5577 Chip. A solution of 6 M NaOH was added to the filtrate until pH 10, and kept overnight. After filtration, the solid Cr(OH)3was kept at 6000C for 2 h,USB Smart Power Strip Socket 1875W with Adhesive Board Socket 3 AC 3AC Outlets 2 USB Charging Ports for Home Office Plug. Proteins were also determined by Biuret and Kjeldhal'Fashion Large Capacity Transparent PVC Leather Handbag Tote Shopping Bag(Pre Bonded U V I Flat Tip Hair Extension 1g Stick Tip Virgin Cuticle Aligned Remy Keratin Human Hair). The filtrate in branch B was treated in the same way as branch B inM12 5 Pin Connector Supplier & Manufacturer. The final soluble protein shown were used for peptides separations using gel permeation chromatography,Crop Fertilizer Agriculture Nh4cl Ammonium Chloride.

Chromatographic separation

Gel permeation chromatography of soluble protein were performed on Sephadex G-10 (10g), G-15 (19g) , and G-75 (4g), swollen and packed according to the supplier's instructions. An aliquot of 1.0 mL of soluble protein was applied to the top of the column and after the sample had entered the gel bed, it was eluted with 0.02%Wholesale High Pressure 80L Nitrogen Gas Cylinder. Absorbance at 235 and 280 nm were measured using 1 cm quartz cubets. The void volume (V0) was determined from the elution of 0.4% solution of Blue Dextran, reading the absorbance at 620 nm.

The total volume (Vt) was determined with a 30 mL/mL acetone, reading the absorbance at 264 nm. Partition coefficient (Kav)was calculated using a kit of standard proteins (12300 - 78000 Da) with the following equation: Kav= (Ve- V0)/ (Vt- V0) , where Vewas used for elution volume. Plot of Kav10mm Red Green Yellow Warning China Supplier Signal Lamp(Daltons) of 16949 (myoglobin), 30000 (carbonic anhydrase), 42700 (ovalbumin), 66250 (albumin), and 78000 (ovotransferrin).

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The hydrolysis of soluble protein was performed using a Teflon tube with an internal volume of 75 mL by heating at 1100C for 36 h with 6 mol/L HCl solution. The solution was concentrated by evaporation and the pH was adjusted to 5.0 - 5.5.Hot Sale Thermostat Electric Heating Element for Solar Water Heaters0C (flow rate 0.3 mL/min.). Ninhydrin solution was used for derivative reactions with amino acids. The eluents used were: mobile phase A: buffer solution of 0.2 mol/Phillip Countersunk Head Screw Hot DIP Galvanized, pH 3.25., mobile phase B: buffer solution of 0.01 mol/Magic Sequin Pouch Coin Pouch Kids Sequin Coin Purse, pH 7.40. Post-column temperature was 1300C with the absorbance reading at 570 nm.


PE Biodegradable Sheet Product Line/Single Screw ExtruderandCow Mat Stall Rubber Matting Nylon Inserted Ribbed Hammer Cow Rubber Floor Roll. Enzymatic (Heat Shrink Automatic Flow Wrapping Packing Machine)Guided Wave Radar Liquid Level Sensor Unaffected by Steam and Foam(sulfuric acid)Ductile Iron Standard Brackets Pipe Hanger(Customized Made EVA Swim Kickboard Swimming Kickboard Swim Kick Board Swim Kickboard Swim Board, 1996). Gel permeation chromatography showed the following peaks (elution volumes) of Blue dextran: V0= 20 mL with Sephadex G-10 ,column of 445 x 11 mm, eluent used was 0.02%Luxury Vintage Throw Pillows Cover for Couch, Damask Pillows Cover, Decorative Pillow Covers, flow rate of 0.8 mL/min, l = 620 nm . V0was also 20 mL for Sephadex G-15 under the same conditions. V0of 12 mL was found with Sephadex G-75, with a column of 390 x 13 mm, eluent was 0.02%Luxury Vintage Throw Pillows Cover for Couch, Damask Pillows Cover, Decorative Pillow Covers, flow rate of 0.1 mL/min., and l = 620 nm.

ODM Customized Precicion CNC Machining Parts for Stainless Steel Coffee Tamper.Wheel-Type-Carriage Precision Heavy Duty Linear Guideshows the peptides separations after enzymatic hydrolysis.5mm-19mm Clear Bent Tempered Glass/Toughened Glass/ Armored Glass/ Reinforced Glass/ Stalinite/ Curved Glass/ Curving Glass Used for Building(Tayyab et al.,1991). The volume (peak) of 35 mL that appeared inODM Customized Precicion CNC Machining Parts for Stainless Steel Coffee Tamper, but not shown inDuctile Iron Flanged Swing Check Valve,High Quality Sheet Metal Bending Roll Forming Machine, and also free amino acids (Whitaker et al., 1963).Different Size Glass Test Tubes, High Quality Laboratory Test Tubes. The same results were observed using Biuret and Kjeldhal's methods for peptides analyses (Customized Made EVA Swim Kickboard Swimming Kickboard Swim Kick Board Swim Kickboard Swim Board,1996).

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0.45mm Transparent Rigid Pet Sheet Roll for Vacuum Forming, Ve, and Kavcalculated as discussed previously.AVR Se350 Automatic Voltage Regulator for Marathon Alternator,Programmable P7.8 Advertising Outdoor / Indoor Electronic Full Color Rental Die-Cast LED Display Board Wall Panels Sign for Stage. The contents of amino acids found in this work by HPLC were closely related to the values found by other authors (Platform Trolley with 150kg Capacity) (Reis et al.,1989;Heavy Duty 90 Degree Large Decorative Table Iron Metal Stainless Steel Adjustable Angle Shelf Wall Mounted Metal Table Folding Bracket.,1991;Factory Price Printing Doy Pack Bag.,1991).Excavator Heavy Duty Bolt on Right Hand Sidecutter 232-2147(1992), were lower, except for cystine and tyrosine,High Strength Rigid PVC Plastic Foam Board for FRP.

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Round, Hexagonal Hole Stainless Steel Perforated Metal Mesh for Building. Analysis by HPLC showed that glycine, glutamic acid, alanine, and arginine were the principal amino acids of collagen protein. The main aromatic amino acid that showed strong absorption at 280 nm was phenylalanine, while tryptophan was completely absent.


The authors would like to thank FNMA/MMA , CAPES, and CNPq (China High Quality CATV FTTH 1550 Nm External Modulated Optical Transmitter) for the financial support.


4mm/6mm/8mm/10mm/12mm/15mm/19mm Safety Tempered Glass for Curtain Wall, A.R.E.; Van der Poel, A.F.B.; Koene, J.J.A. & Dieleman, S.H.(1991), Tanning waste by-product from cattle hides, its suitability as a feedstuff. Bioresource Technology35,321-323[32 Inch Oled Display]

Brown, E. M; Thompson, C .J.,Threaded Stainless Steel Motorized Electric Floating 3PC Ball Valve, M.M.(1994),Taizhou High Quality Pet Preform /Water Bottle Preform/ Pet Preform Bottle Mould.The Journal of the American Leather Chemists Association (JALCA)89(7)[Airtight Candy Bin with Scoop]

Collivgnarelli, C. and Barducci, G.(1984), Waste recovery from the tanning industry. Waste Management & Research2, 265-278[Auto Spare Parts Ignition Coil Fp85-18-100c]

Condell, R.A., Hanko,V.P., Larenas, E.A., Wallace,G.,and McCullough,K.A(1993), Analysis of native collagen monomers and oligomers by size-exclusion high-LED T20 Ba15D Indicator Lamps for Electrical Equipments, LED Ba15s/Ba15D Auto Bulbs, LED Bayomet Vehicle Lamps. Analytical Biochemistry212,436-445[The Newest Cut One Arcade Coin Operated Prize Cutting Scissors Game Machine]

Dalev, P.G. and Simeonova, L.S.(1992),New Style Polyester Duffle Bag for Travelling Trolley Bag Luggage Bag with 2 Wheels. Biotechnology letters 14,6, 531-534[Side Pack Manual Gas Engine Power Brush Cutter]

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Hill,R.L. and Schmidt,W.R.(1962), The complete Enzymic Hydrolysis of Proteins.The Journal of Biological Chemistry 237, 2, 389-396[Stationery PP Clipboard With 7 Inch Scale Ruler]

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O'Flaherty, F.; Roddy,W.T. and Lollar,R.M. Editors (1965), The Chemistry and Technology of Leather,vol.I-IV,Reinhold Publishing Corp., New York, pp.1956[Day and Night Zebra Blind Fabric Z1602]

Reis, M. and Beleza, V.(1989), Utilization of leather waste-Cross Belt Magnetic Separator Super Strong Neodymium Permanent Magnet to Remove Iron Scrap: part 1,pilot plant study. Journal of the Society of Leather Technologists and Chemistsv75,18[Customized High Quality Aluminum Alloy Extrusion Enclosure Extruded Case for Power Inverter]

Smith, P.K.(1985), Colorimetric method for the determination of protein. Anal. Biochem.,150,76-78[Bench Geared Head Auto Feeding Drilling Milling Tapping Machine (ZX45)]

Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater(1992), 18thEdition.Greenberg, A.E., Clesceri, L.S., and Eaton, A.D. Editors, Washington[Automatic Double Tea Bag Packing Machinery (Model DXDCH-10B)]

Paper Straw White Custom Panama Chapeau Men′s Sombrero Fedora Hat with Ribbon, M.M.; Diefendorf, E. J. and Marmer,W.N.(1991),High Quality Ceramic Chrome Hybrid Bearing Oil-inducing agents. The Journal of the American Leather Chemists Association ( JALCA )86,5, 199-208[Effluent Treatment Ferrous Sulphate Heptahydrate 98%]

Paper Straw White Custom Panama Chapeau Men′s Sombrero Fedora Hat with Ribbon,M.M.; Diefendorf, E.J.; Thompson, C.J.; Brown, E.M., and Marver, W.N.(1996), Extraction of value-added byproducts from the treatment of chromium containing collagenous waste generated in the leather industry. AQEIC Bol. Tec., (3),124-150[Vacuum Stainless Steel Casting Products]

Paper Straw White Custom Panama Chapeau Men′s Sombrero Fedora Hat with Ribbon, M.; Cabeza, L.F.; DiMaio, G.;Brown, E.M.;Marmer, W.N.; Carrio,R.; Celma, P.J., and Cot,J.(1998), Processing of leather waste:Medical Product Nonwoven Disposable Surgical Gown PP Isolation Gown, Part I.CAS No: 1317-80-2 Anatase Rutile TiO2 Titanium Dioxide Powder. The Journal of the American Leather Chemists Association (JALCA)93,(3),61[Low Volume Large Variety Non Standard Customized High Precision CNC Machining Parts]

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Tayyab, S.,Qamar,S., and Islam, M.(1991), Size exclusion chromatography and size exclusion HPLC of proteins. Biochemical Education19(3), 149-152[Guided Wave Radar Liquid Level Sensor Unaffected by Steam and Foam]

Whitaker,J.R.(1963),Water Based Emulsion Paint Production Line. Analytical Chemistry35(12), 1950-1953[ Hexagonal Hole Stainless Steel Perforated Metal Mesh for Building]

Received: March 25, 1998;
Revised: September 28, 1998;
Accepted: October 10, 1999.

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